Chocolate Icebox Pie

Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipe

I’m republishing this vintage pie recipe for Throwback Thursday #tbt with pretty new pictures from our new photography contributor Kelly Jaggers!

This Chocolate Icebox Pie comes from a cookbook called Recipes from Old Virginia. Published in 1958, the book contains hundreds of old fashioned gems of Southern cooking. The book was compiled by “The Virginia Federation of Home Demonstration Clubs.” According to the cover, it contains:

Recipes of two centuries collected from the kitchens of the Old Dominion, together with the latest recipes used by the foremost cooks. Tested and approved.


I love old cookbooks and cooking magazines; on weekends, I scour antique stores and flea markets looking for books that pique my interest. I’ve gathered quite a collection… some of my volumes date back to the early 1900’s. I can’t tell you why I choose certain books over others. Sometimes I pick based on the title, or the subject matter. Other times it’s the feeling I get holding the book in my hand—the smell of the old pages, the smudge of frosting the previous owner left as they cooked. I have a particular fondness for old community cookbooks published by church groups, junior leagues, and civic groups. I actually read through them for fun, like novels. They make me feel connected to the people who wrote them– the families and housewives and volunteers who compiled them. But the best part is recreating the recipes. Sometimes they are a disaster, but more often than not I end up with a delightful dish that is also a slice of the past… like today’s recipe, Chocolate Icebox Pie.

Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipe

Here is the original recipe as written. The directions of this recipe were a bit sparse, and there was no crust or whipped cream recipe included, so I had to clarify things a bit.


2/3 cup sugar
Dash of salt
5 tablespoons flour
1 ¾ squares unsweetened chocolate (melted)
1 large can evaporated milk (or ½ cup cream)
1 cup water
2 egg yolks, slightly beaten
2 cups miniature marshmallows
¼ cup butter
1 unbaked 9-inch graham cracker crust
2 tablespoons chopped pecans
Sweetened whipped cream

Combine sugar, salt, and flour. Add the melted chocolate and ¼ cup of the milk. Add the remaining milk, water, and egg yolks. Cook over low heat until thickened. Remove from heat and add marshmallows and butter. Blend well. When cool, pour into graham cracker crust, garnish with sweetened whipped cream sprinkled with chopped nuts and grated chocolate if desired. –Mrs. Elwood Harris, Sussex County.

I chose the cream topping option because I had some heavy whipping cream in the fridge.

For the graham cracker crust, I chose a recipe from another cookbook published the same year, Good Housekeeping’s Party Pie Book (1958). It’s a baked crust, as opposed to the unbaked crust the Chocolate Icebox Pudding calls for. In my experience with custard pies, baked crumb crusts tend to hold up better and be less soggy than unbaked. Here’s the recipe I used:

Graham-Cracker Crust

Use 1 1/3 cups graham cracker crumbs (about 16 crackers), ¼ cup of butter or margarine, ¼ cup granulated sugar. Let butter or margarine soften. In 2-cup measuring cup, mix 1 1/3 cup crumbs, sugar (if any) and butter with fork until crumbly. Set aside 3 tablespo. With back of spoon, press rest to bottom and sides of 9” pie plate, forming small rim. Bake at 375 degrees F. 8 min. Cool; fill as desired; top with reserved crumbs.

I followed the crust recipe closely, but found it a bit dry, so I added another tablespoon of butter and this made it the right consistency. I used the entire amount for the crust (rather than sprinkling some on top), but my pie dish is likely deeper than a 1950’s pie plate. The crust baked up beautifully, and really complimented the Chocolate Icebox Pie. Delicious!

For the whipped cream, I used a simple mixture of heavy whipping cream and sugar. Simple and scrumptious. As Julia Child said, “If you’re afraid of butter, use cream.”

According to the cookbook, this recipe was contributed by Mrs. Elwood Harris of Sussex County, Virginia. What a neat pie! So tasty, and relatively simple to make. The Recipes from Old Virginia cookbook is 53 years old, so most of the contributors would be over 70 years old today. I wish I knew if Mrs. Harris was still with us so I could thank her for this awesome recipe.

Food Photography and Styling by Kelly Jaggers

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Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipe

Chocolate Icebox Pie

Crust Ingredients

  • 1 1/3 cups graham cracker crumbs
  • 5 tbsp unsalted butter, room temperature
  • 1/4 cup granulated sugar

Filling Ingredients

  • 2/3 cup + 2 tbsp granulated sugar, divided
  • 1/8 tsp salt
  • 5 tbsp flour
  • 1 3/4 squares unsweetened chocolate
  • 1 can (12 oz.) evaporated milk or ½ cup heavy whipping cream
  • 2 egg yolks, lightly beaten
  • 2 cups small marshmallows
  • 1/4 cup unsalted butter
  • 1 cup heavy whipping cream
  • Semisweet chocolate for grating
  • 2 tbsp chopped pecans

You will also need

  • small and medium mixing bowls, 9 inch pie plate or dish, small saucepan, whisk, pie plate, electric mixer, spatula, grater
Prep Time: 8 Hours
Total Time: 8 Hours
Servings: One 9 inch pie (8-10 slices)
Kosher Key: Dairy

Make Crust

  • Preheat oven to 375 degrees F. In a small mixing bowl, combine graham cracker crumbs, butter, and sugar. Stir to blend ingredients until all crumbs are evenly moistened by the butter.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipePat the graham cracker mixture evenly into a pie plate or dish using the back of a spoon, covering the bottom and sides of the dish completely to form a crust.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeBake the crust for 8 minutes in the oven till crust hardens. Cool before filling.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipe

Make Filling

  • Combine 2/3 cup of sugar, salt, and flour in a small saucepan. Melt chocolate squares (the easiest way is to melt it in a small dish in the microwave), then add the melted chocolate to the dry mixture along with the evaporated milk or cream. Whisk together to blend ingredients.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeAdd 1 cup of water and beaten egg yolks, whisk again. Turn heat to medium low and continue to whisk for 10-15 minutes. The mixture will heat slowly and take on a thicker consistency and become a custard. Don’t leave the pan alone for very long or the custard will burn/congeal to the bottom of the pan. Continue whisking until the custard thickens and begins to stick to the whisk in small lumps. Remove from heat.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeMelt in the butter, then whisk in the marshmallows, which will melt into the custard. Let mixture return to room temperature.
  • Fill cooled graham cracker crust with the custard.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipePlace pie uncovered in the refrigerator and chill for at least 6 hours till set (preferably overnight).
  • At least 1 ½ hours before serving, combine 1 cup of heavy whipping cream and 2 tbsp sugar in a medium mixing bowl. Whip on medium high for a few minutes until the cream is light and fluffy.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeSpread the freshly whipped cream on top of the pie with a spatula. If you have more time and want a more elegant presentation, you can pipe the cream across the top of the pie with a star tip.
  • Grate semisweet chocolate into 2-3 tbsp of chocolate shavings.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeSprinkle the chocolate shavings onto the top of the pie, along with 2 tbsp chopped pecans.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipeChill for at least 1 hour longer before serving.
  • Note: This recipe was tested with both regular marshmallows and kosher marshmallows. The regular marshmallows melted into the chocolate filling, whereas the kosher marshmallows only partially melted, giving the filling a "rocky road" effect. Both results were delicious, so feel free to use kosher marshmallows if you prefer.
  • Chocolate Icebox Pie on The History Kitchen #vintage #recipe

Comments (104)Post a Comment

  1. My husband talks about a chocolate pie his grandmother used to make. I have tried several “new” recipes trying to make it for him. Will have to try this one and see how it compares to his memory.

    Thank you!

  2. see I would have taken that to mean to mix until the marshmallows had melted as well… glad you showed your pics…

    1. Hi Thereca, the instructions are somewhat vague on that point. I decided not to melt them in, because in the original recipe the custard is removed from heat before the marshmallows are added. I took this to mean that they should remain intact. Of course, all vintage recipes like this are subject to interpretation. :)

  3. Great job Tori. I love old cookbooks too. I wish I had known you when we cleaned out my Dad`s house. We donated a bunch of great old ones to the local libraries. I missed pie day, weird day today.

    1. Aww, man! Well, it was nice of you to donate them to the library, and I’m sure many people will enjoy them. I’m running out of room on my bookshelves anyway… my office is starting to look like that library in Beauty and the Beast with books from floor to ceiling!

  4. I just discovered your blog thanks to the Pie Party and love it! I too love, love, love old cookbooks and cookware — anything that combines history and food. I loved your history of pie, too. Thanks, and I’ll definitely be following!

  5. I collect vintage cookbooks, too! May I recommend Mary Margaret McBrides cooking encyclopedia? It’s like the 1950’s American version of Larousse Gastronome….(I’m sure I misspelled that, but I’m sure you get it!). I’m planning to do an entire week of her recipes!

    1. I will keep an eye out for that one, Ann! I’ve got a trip planned to an antique cookbook shop in a couple of weeks, maybe they’ll have a copy…

  6. Tori,
    love this pie idea but I do not like marshmallows at all, no way, no how. Kosher or not kosher (altho I’d only use kosher ones). So can I really make this pie without them? Should I substitute something else?
    I LOVE your blog. The pictures are fabulous and the directions clear.
    Alice K.

    1. Hi Alice! I haven’t tried it without the marshmallows, but you should be fine leaving them out. To be safe, you may want to add another egg to the mixture (2 yolks + 1 full egg)– this will add structure to the custard and help it firm up in the fridge. I actually think the pie will taste even better without the marshmallows! Let me know how it turns out for you. :)

  7. I love these old cookbooks! I have a stack of rather old ones from my Great Grandma that I’ve been going through and just bought one with regional recipes from around the U.S. I think it’s from the 40’s or 50’s if I recall. It’s so much fun to look through these – especially if they have hand-written commentary. My kids would devour your pie in about 10 minutes (or less). It looks very similar to a southern mud pie recipe. :)

  8. i’m not a big marshmallow fan either. there are several recipes around for ‘nesselrode pie’ which is similar but has candied fruit with the chocolate. we always loved it, but it was very ’50s.

  9. Excellent - 5 starsExcellent - 5 starsExcellent - 5 starsExcellent - 5 starsExcellent - 5 stars
    I still have cook books put together by Shul Ladies and they are wonderful. The recipes are not particularly healthy but it is fun just to “window shop” throught the pages. Keep up the wonderful work.

  10. My boyfriends mom has a family ice box cake recipe that she isn’t ready to share with me quite yet. I should make this to impress her 😉

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