What is Tisha B’av?
Tisha B’av (The Ninth of Av) is a day of mourning and fasting. The holiday commemorates various tragedies that befell the Jewish people throughout history, particularly the destruction of the two temples in 586 BCE and 70 CE. It is believed that many of the tragedies remembered on Tisha B’Av actually occurred on this date. Tisha B’av is the culmination of a three-week period of mourning.
How is Tisha B’av observed?
Tisha B’Av requires some of the same prohibitions as Yom Kippur, including eating or drinking, bathing, anointing the body with oil, wearing leather shoes, etc. However, Tisha B’Av does not carry the same prohibitions as Shabbat. The day is observed by chanting the book of Lamentations and reciting mourners’ prayers, while sitting on the ground or on stools. As a day of mourning, one is expected to refrain from smiling, laughing, or chatting idly.
What kinds of foods are eaten on Tisha B’av?
Like Yom Kippur, there is a pre-fast meal and a break-fast meal for Tisha B’Av, with no food or drink allowed during the holiday. The pre-fast meal is known as seudah ha-mafaseket (literally, “meal of separation” or “concluding meal”). Traditionally, the pre-fast meal contains only bread, water, and a hard-boiled egg dipped in ashes, to symbolize the destruction that is mourned. The break-fast meal usually consists of light, dairy foods. Some Jews also refrain from eating red meat or chicken and drinking wine on the 9 days leading up to Tisha B’av. This restriction is in place to acknowledge the tragic destruction of the Second Temple, and to reinforce the solemn nature of the nine days.
What is the proper greeting for Tisha B’av?
It is customary to avoid greeting people on Tisha B’av, due to the solemn nature of the day.
When is Tisha B’av?
Tisha B’av is observed on the 9th of the month of Av.
Tisha B’av occurs on the following dates:
Jewish Year 5772: Sunset July 28, 2012 – Nightfall July 29, 2012
Jewish Year 5773: Sunset July 15, 2013 – Nightfall July 16, 2013
Jewish Year 5774: Sunset August 4, 2014 – Nightfall August 5, 2014
Jewish Year 5775: Sunset July 25, 2015 – Nightfall July 26, 2015
Jewish Year 5777: Sunset August 13, 2016 – Nightfall August 14, 2016
Jewish Year 5778: Sunset July 31, 2017 – Nightfall August 1, 2017
Jewish Year 5779: Sunset July 21, 2018 – Nightfall July 22, 2018
Jewish Year 5780: Sunset August 10, 2019 – Nightfall August 11, 2019
Jewish Year 5781: Sunset July 29, 2020 – Nightfall July 30, 2020
Jewish Year 5782: Sunset July 17, 2021 – Nightfall July 18, 2021