This is how I usually prepare artichokes for our family. It’s the easiest, most straightforward way to make them. Give me a steamed artichoke and a dish of good-quality mayonnaise (or hollandaise!) and I’m a very happy camper.
We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.
Cleaning, Steaming and Eating Artichokes
1 hour 5 minutes
Learn how to clean and trim whole artichokes for steaming, how to reach the steamed artichoke heart, and how to eat steamed artichokes.
- Serrated knife, or sharp chef's knife
- Kitchen shears, or sharp, clean scissors
- Vegetable peeler
- Large pot with lid
- Steaming basket
- Melon baller
- Paring knife
Cleaning and Steaming Artichokes
Rinse your artichoke under cold water. Pat dry with a clean kitchen towel or paper towel. Remove any stray leaves from the stem of the artichoke.
With kitchen shears, or sharp scissors, remove the thorny tips from the leaves.
With a sharp chef's knife or serrated knife, cut about an inch off of the top of the artichoke.
Keep a lemon handy to rub onto the exposed areas so that they do not oxidize and turn brown.
Remove the bitter, fibrous end of the stem with your knife, leaving about an inch left on the artichoke. Be sure to rub a lemon onto the exposed end of the stem.
Peel the outer skin from the remaining stem. The stem can has a more bitter taste than the rest of the artichoke and removing the skin helps to take away some of the bitterness. Rub exposed peeled stem with lemon.
Run the artichoke under cold water, pulling apart the leaves to carefully rinse out the vegetable and remove any impurities. Immediately submerge the prepared artichoke in a bowl of cold water with lemon juice. Keep prepared artichokes in this lemon water till ready to steam.
When ready to steam, fill the bottom of your pan with a few inches of water. Place a steaming basket in the bottom and the artichokes on top, cover the pan with a lid. Bring to a boil then reduce to simmer.
The artichoke is done steaming when you can easily insert a knife into the stem or heart (bottom) area. Cooking time will vary based on the size of your artichokes. Start with 30 minutes and go from there. I like my artichokes quite tender, but not so soft that they fall apart. This usually takes 1 hour or longer.
Once your artichokes are cooked, you can eat them leaf-by-leaf, or go straight to the heart of the veggie, which contains the most edible flesh.
How to Eat a Steamed Artichoke
To eat the artichoke, remove the outer leaves by hand. They will come off very easily. For each leaf, place the edible meaty area at the base of the leaf between your teeth, then scrape off the soft edible flesh. Discard the uneaten leaf. Artichoke leaves taste great dipped in hollandaise, mayonnaise or herb sauce.
One you get to the center of the artichoke, you'll see some very thin spiny leaves and a fuzzy "choke" area with small, tender spines. Pull off the thin leaves and discard. The fuzzy spines of the choke are also inedible, so you'll need to remove them with a spoon or melon baller-- simply scrape them gently off the heart, they should fall off easily.
With a paring knife, carefully trim off any tough remaining bits of leaves from the outside edges of the heart.
Voila! A cleaned artichoke heart. This is truly the most delicious part of the artichoke. Of course, you could just skip eating all of the leaves and go straight to the cooked heart... but where's the fun in that? I always liked eating the leaves and working my way towards the center of the artichoke; it's like earning a prize when you get to the center. Dip it in sauce as you would the leaves, eat and enjoy!
Note: Strictly kosher Jews have their own guidelines for cleaning and consuming artichokes, which differ from the tutorials that appear on my site. If you’re concerned, you can learn more on the OK website.